The Viking Explorer Who Beat Columbus to America
Even those who are seeking relationships are not dating frequently. The survey found that dating in America is, indeed, affected by online matchmaking activity. But in analyzing our findings, we discovered another story: Large numbers of single Americans are not actively looking for relationships and even significant numbers of those looking for partners are not that active on the dating scene. At first glance, the survey results suggest ample targets for Cupid among American adults. These data generally align with findings from a 50, household survey conducted by the U.
History of Needlework
Guerber By Eugene Linden Smithsonian Magazine Subscribe December Roughly 1, years ago, the story goes, a Viking trader and adventurer named Thorfinn Karlsefni set off from the west coast of Greenland with three ships and a band of Norse to explore a newly discovered land that promised fabulous riches. Snorri, the son of Thorfinn and his wife, Gudrid, is thought to be the first European baby born in North America.
Related Content Raiders or Traders? About three years after starting out, Thorfinn—along with his family and surviving crew—abandoned the North American settlement, perhaps in a hail of arrows. Archaeologists have found arrowheads with the remains of buried Norse explorers. Just where the family ended up in Iceland has been a mystery that historians and archaeologists have long tried to clear up.
In , the protestors won, and the pageant was discontinued as commercial supporters withdrew in response to accusations that the pageant lacked decorum.
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We also wrote The Stocks and Bonds Bulletin – a monthly column carried in many collectible publications. We are also the recognized experts on old stocks and bonds scripophily in the annual Schroeder’s Antiques Price Guide.
Romance in America
January 21, iStock Even if you live in a big city, you probably see wildlife on a regular basis. Namely, you’re sure to run into a lot of squirrels , even in the densest urban areas. And if you happen to live on a college campus, well, you’re probably overrun with them. While some people might view them as adorable, others see them as persistent pests bent on chewing on and nesting in everything in sight.
But in honor of National Squirrel Appreciation Day, here are 15 reasons you should appreciate the savvy, amazing, bushy-tailed critters. In another study with the eastern ground squirrel, one researcher observed a squirrel jumping more than 8 feet between a tree stump and a feeding platform, propelling itself 10 times the length of its body.
Batista began his final turn as the head of the government in a coup.
Share A Brief History: The evolution of these efforts and the reasons for their failure make for an intriguing lesson in American history, ideology, and character. Other developed countries have had some form of social insurance that later evolved into national insurance for nearly as long as the US has been trying to get it. Some European countries started with compulsory sickness insurance, one of the first systems, for workers beginning in Germany in ; other countries including Austria, Hungary, Norway, Britain, Russia, and the Netherlands followed all the way through Other European countries, including Sweden in , Denmark in , France in , and Switzerland in , subsidized the mutual benefit societies that workers formed among themselves.
So for a very long time, other countries have had some form of universal health care or at least the beginnings of it. The primary reason for the emergence of these programs in Europe was income stabilization and protection against the wage loss of sickness rather than payment for medical expenses, which came later. Programs were not universal to start with and were originally conceived as a means of maintaining incomes and buying political allegiance of the workers.
History of Latin America
She has taught college History and Government courses. Learn about the Puritans, a religious group who settled in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in the s. Explore the world and religious views of these important immigrants to the American colonies. Origins of the Puritan Faith The Puritan religious faith originated in England during the early s.
The Puritans believed that the Anglican Church, the state’s religious institution of England, needed to be purified of the influence of the Catholic religious faith.
Another interest is if middle and later period samples from the Pacific Northwest separate into distinct subgroups.
Subsequently, the major sea powers in Europe sent expeditions to the New World to build trade networks and colonies and to convert the native peoples to Christianity. Spain concentrated on building its empire on the central and southern parts of the Americas allotted to it by the Treaty of Tordesillas , because of presence of large, settled societies like the Aztec , the Inca , the Maya and the Muisca , whose human and material resources it could exploit, and large concentrations of silver and gold.
The Portuguese built their empire in Brazil , which fell in their sphere of influence owing to the Treaty of Tordesillas , by developing the land for sugar production since there was a lack of a large, complex society or mineral resources. During the European colonization of the western hemisphere, most of the native population died, mainly by disease.
In what has come to be known as the Columbian exchange , diseases such as smallpox and measles decimated populations with no immunity. Because the Spanish were now in power, native culture and religion were forbidden. The Spanish even went as far as burning the Maya Codices like books. These codices contained information about astrology, religion, Gods, and rituals.
Since the crown wished to exclude anyone who was non-Christian Jews, crypto-Jews , and Muslims passing as Christian, travelers’ backgrounds were vetted. The ability to regulate the flow of people enabled the Spanish Crown to keep a grip on the religious purity of its overseas empire. The Spanish Crown was rigorous in their attempt to allow only Christians passage to the New World and required proof of religion by way of personal testimonies.
Specific examples of individuals dealing with the Crown allow for an understanding of how religion affected passage into the New World. Francisca de Figueroa, an African-Iberian woman seeking entrance into the Americas, petitioned the Spanish Crown in in order to gain a license to sail to Cartagena. I order you to allow passage to the Province of Cartagena for Francisca de Figueroa
The Checkered History of Checkers
One path of wine history could follow the developments and science of grape growing and wine production; another might separately trace the spread of wine commerce through civilization, but there would be many crossovers and detours between them. However the time line is followed, clearly wine and history have greatly influenced one another. Fossil vines, million-years-old, are the earliest scientific evidence of grapes.
Hutton is traditionally credited with being the father of modern geology.
Mar 08, Skip Burzumato Struggling to understand modern dating conventions? Maybe it’s because those before us have given us more than one dating system to draw from. Where did it come from? How did it become such an important part of our courtship system? And where are we today? According to cultural historian Beth Bailey, the word date was probably originally used as a lower-class slang word for booking an appointment with a prostitute.
However, by the turn of the 20th century we find the word being used to describe lower-class men and women going out socially to public dances, parties and other meeting places, primarily in urban centers where women had to share small apartments and did not have spacious front parlors in their homes to which to invite men to call.
With the rise of the entertainment culture, with its movie houses and dance halls and their universal appeal across class lines, dating quickly moved up the socio-economic ladder to include middle- and upper-class men and women, as well as the new urbanites. When one tries to understand how dating has changed over time, and most importantly, how we arrived at the system of courtship and dating we have today, one must realize the monumental cultural shift that occurred during the s, primarily due to World War II.
History of BMW
Origin hypotheses[ edit ] A traditional hunter-gatherer society in Wyoming, Scholars have developed a number of hypotheses to explain the historical origins of agriculture. Studies of the transition from hunter-gatherer to agricultural societies indicate an antecedent period of intensification and increasing sedentism ; examples are the Natufian culture in southwest Asia, and the Early Chinese Neolithic in China.
Current models indicate that wild stands that had been harvested previously started to be planted, but were not immediately domesticated. An abundance of readily storable wild grains and pulses enabled hunter-gatherers in some areas to form the first settled villages at this time.
They are more insidious, combining moralist and monopolist factions, pursuing an agenda of obstructionist legislation, that includes preventing or encumbering direct sales of wine to consumers see Free the Grapes 3 , preventing health information from being printed on wine labels and spreading disinformation about potential benefits and studies related to wine and health.
Texas Several sets of investigators are collaborating on bioarchaeological studies within the Pacific Northwest. Most of this work is known through personal communication and few details are available in advance of publication. At least three sets of researchers are engaged in DNA studies, and three sets of researchers are undertaking projects to develop more extensive, region-wide osteological studies. These efforts include work on the early Braden and DeMoss remains with Yohe and Pavesic , and work on Congdon remains with Chatters and Hackenberger Bonnichsen and Weitzel continue to refine their approaches to archaeologically recovering animal and human hair for DNA analysis.
A collaboration is also developing around re-evaluating the bioarchaeology and osteology of the Karlo Site in Northern California Breschini, personal communication Loring Brace University of Michigan and Richard Jantz University of Tennessee, Knoxville are attempting to incorporate cranio-facial measurements from Pacific Northwest crania into their respective worldwide comparative databases.
A Brief History of Courtship and Dating in America, Part 2
Contact Us To trace the history of cross stitch, we must look back to the very beginnings of embroidery, since it is only relatively recently that cross stitch has been used as the sole stitch in a piece. Ancient wall paintings and sculptures show that embroidery was worked on clothing from the earliest times. An ancient Peruvian running-stitch sampler has been dated to — AD The word Embroidery comes from the Anglo-Saxon word for “edge”, but the technique itself was being used long before that.
The term was first applied to decoratively stitched borders on medieval church vestments. But over time it came to cover all stitched decoration on any textile fabric.
Berlin work, starting approximately in the s, became extremely popular in the s, when a colorful graph was all that was needed to create a picture, and less creativity is in evidence since then.
Marks originally provided this history of crochet in Chain Link issues starting in September Her complete history is posted with her permission: The skill is known as haken in Holland, haekling in Denmark, hekling in Norway and virkning in Sweden. Other forms of handwork – knitting, embroidery and weaving – can be dated far back in time, thanks to archeological finds, written sources and pictorial representations of various kinds.
But no one is quite sure when and where crochet got its start. The word comes from croc, or croche, the Middle French word for hook, and the Old Norse word for hook is krokr. According to American crochet expert and world traveler Annie Potter, “The modem art of true crochet as we know it today was developed during the 16th century. It became known as ‘crochet lace’ in France and ‘chain lace’ in England.