The national flag, adopted in , is a tricolor of deep saffron, white, and green horizontal stripes. In the center of the white stripe is a blue wheel representing the wheel chakra that appears on the abacus of Asoka’s lion capital c. The rupee r is a paper currency of paise. There are coins of 5, 10, 20, 25, and 50 paise, and 1, 2, and 5 rupees, and notes of 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, , and rupees. Metric weights and measures, introduced in , replaced the British and local systems. Indian numerical units still in use include the lakh equal to , and the crore equal to 10 million. Annual events—some national, others purely local, and each associated with one or more religious communities—number in the hundreds. The total area is 3, , sq km 1, , sq mi , including , sq km 85, sq mi belonging to Jammu and Kashmir; of this disputed region, 78, sq km 30, sq mi are under the de facto control of Pakistan and 42, sq km 16, sq mi are held by China.
Back in the Shadows: The Perils of Being LGBT in India
Antiquarians studied history with particular attention to ancient artifacts and manuscripts, as well as historical sites. Antiquarianism focused on the empirical evidence that existed for the understanding of the past, encapsulated in the motto of the 18th-century antiquary, Sir Richard Colt Hoare , “We speak from facts not theory”. Tentative steps towards the systematization of archaeology as a science took place during the Enlightenment era in Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Flavio Biondo , an Italian Renaissance humanist historian, created a systematic guide to the ruins and topography of ancient Rome in the early 15th century, for which he has been called an early founder of archaeology. Antiquarians of the 16th century, including John Leland and William Camden , conducted surveys of the English countryside, drawing, describing and interpreting the monuments that they encountered. First excavations[ edit ] An early photograph of Stonehenge taken July One of the first sites to undergo archaeological excavation was Stonehenge and other megalithic monuments in England.
Today many of these structures are in various stages of decay.
Bridal Portrait Henna on the hands of a bride in Tunisia A wedding is typically a happy time for families to celebrate. In the Muslim world , there are colorful, cultural variations from place to place. According to the Quran , a married Muslim couple, both husband and wife act as each other’s protector and comforter and therefore only meant “for each other”. All Muslim marriages have to be declared publicly and are never to be undertaken in secret.
For many Muslims, it is the ceremony that counts as the actual wedding alongside a confirmation of that wedding in a registry office according to fiqh , in Islam a wedding is also viewed as a legal contract particularly in Islamic jurisprudences. However, most Muslim cultures separate both the institutions of the mosque and marriage, no religious official is necessary, but very often an Imam presides and performs the ceremony, he may deliver a short sermon.
In Islam, polygyny is allowed with certain religious restrictions, despite that an overwhelming majority of Muslims traditionally practice monogamy. It is forbidden in Islam for parents or anyone else: It is also necessary for all marriages commence with the best of intentions. Chinese cultures[ edit ] In traditional Chinese wedding ceremonies, bride arrives in a jiao At traditional Chinese weddings , the tea ceremony is the equivalent of an exchange of vows at a Western wedding ceremony.
This ritual is still practiced widely among rural Chinese; however, young people in larger cities, as well as in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Malaysia and Singapore, tend to practice a combination of Western style of marriage together with the tea ceremony. When the bride leaves her home with the groom to his house, a “Good Luck Woman” will hold a red umbrella over her head, meaning, “Raise the bark, spread the leaves. Other relatives will scatter rice, red beans and green beans in front of her. The red umbrella protects the bride from evil spirits, and the rice and beans are to attract the attention of the gold chicken.
Sri Lanka lies to the south, Maldives to the south-west and has maritime boundary 8 Indonesia to the south-east of India in the Indian Ocean. The Republic of India is the seventh largest country in the world by area and, with over a billion people, is second only to China in population, although its much higher birth-rate makes it likely to reach pole position in less than ten years. It is an extremely diverse country, with vast differences in geography, climate, culture, language and ethnicity across its expanse, and prides itself on being the largest democracy on Earth and a hub of trade in Southeast Asia.
Understand[ edit ] “We live in a wonderful world that is full of beauty, charm and adventure.
The cenotaphs are either built with marble or the local stones.
But instead, he has snuck out to meet up with friends. Like most young Indians, Das loves Lady Gaga and Harry Potter, dreams of attending college abroad and can name-drop Manhattan landmarks, which he knows from watching Sex and the City. A group of men in their 20s stroll by and Das eyes them, then quickly looks away. Like many men and women in India, Das is gay and hiding it, fearing rejection, discrimination and violence.
Once, several years ago, Das tried to come out. Like many Indians, they thought he had a mental disorder. Eventually, Das told his mother and father had been cured.
Kaziranga, a World Heritage Site on the banks of the River Brahmaputra, provides a wonderful dose of relaxation in what can be a hectic country. The square mile park is the major tourist draw in Assam, one of the “Seven Sisters”, the comparatively little-visited North Eastern States that are linked to the rest of India by a narrow corridor of land. They’re bordered by Bhutan, Tibet, Bangladesh and Myanmar, and their atmosphere is as much south-east Asian as Indian, with a generally gentle pace of life.
Assam is often called “The Land of Slowly-Slowly”. And nothing is as pleasantly slowly-slowly as an elephant safari. Steve McCurry’s India You approach Kaziranga through a flat, fertile landscape of tea plantations, fields of mustard and sunflowers, and rice paddies edged with palm trees.
India wants to be accepted as a legitimate nuclear power and is campaigning for a permanent Security Council seat.
You’ve just started writing the current year correctly and before you know it the next year is already here! While for some the New Year brings nostalgia and reflection of the 12 months that sped by, for most New Year means new beginnings, starting with the New Year Party! The last day of the year is much awaited and is more like the weekend for the entire year. Firework displays also bring cheer lighting up the night sky. But something that rings true forever is that the New Year is best brought in surrounded by dear and near- that special someone, family or friends.
But something that rings true forever is that the New Year is best brought in with dear and near- that special someone, family or friends. New Year Parties are aplenty as per theme, budget and locality.
Jai and I are just good friends, says Balloon co-star Anjali
Kolkata has 3 main seasons: Summer, Monsoon, and Winter. These months are very humid and sometimes sultry. The average annual rainfall is about 1, mm and most of rain falls in this monsoon season.
On 13 December , the Indian Parliament was attacked by five suicide fighters.
Be a part of the festivities and traditions that Jaipur has to offer. This festival is a wonderful spectacle as kites take to the sky all across the state. Celebrated across the state of Rajasthan, the festivities peak in Jaipur. If you enjoy kite flying, you should visit the city on or around 14th January of any year. On this occassion, the Department of Tourism organizes a festival where tourists can enjoy kite flying along with various cultural performances.
Know more Gangaur Festival Gangaur is one of the most important festivals in Rajasthan.
Designed as a casual fine-dining space, the restaurant serves European, Asian and Indian cuisines as well as signature dishes of The Oberoi Grand, Kolkata. Know more Baan Thai Our award winning restaurant, Baan Thai, offers authentic Thai cuisine in equally authentic surroundings. Decorated with ethnic artifacts, masks and wooden carvings, Baan Thai is fitted with intimate tables and traditional floor seating.
Open for dinner seven days a week, and for lunch and dinner during the weekend. Choose from a fine selection of single malts, international and domestic wines, our famed Grand Legacy cocktails and specially curated alcoholic beverages, mixed to perfection by our team of talented bartenders and accompanied by pool views.
Know more Testimonials from our guests ” I have travelled extensively and had the privilege of staying in some of the best addresses of this world.
In the populated areas, many dogs, cows, and monkeys wander as wild or semiwild scavengers.
But for the most part, at least in my experience, most Indian Embassies and Consulates will issue tourist visas. Of course, given that this is India we are talking about, getting a visa is often not the most straightforward of processes. There are usually several types of visas available 3-month, 6-month and for US Citizens only, a 5-year and year tourist visa and they usually cost different amounts depending on your nationality.
Also, if you are a citizen of the USA, Canada, UK or Australia, and you are applying for an Indian visa while in your home country, you must apply for that visa through the official visa outsourcing company that the local Indian Embassy or Consulate has contracted with. But again, prices differ for all nationalities. Second, for most nationalities these days, once you leave India, you cannot return for two months.
One more step
The untouchables are commonly known as Dalits or as Harijan from the term used by Mahatma Gandhi.